31 October 2008

[4S/yim243] The Management of Merchant Ship : Stability, Trim and Strength

Sebagai pedoman dalam memahami teori, peraturan dan perhitungan yang harus dilakukan untuk memastikan bahwa kapal masih laiklaut dalam hal stabilitas dan trim dengan tetap memperhatikan batasan kekuatannya.

SUMMARY OF CHAPTER CONTENTS

1) An Introduction to the shape of a ship's,hullform and the principles of hydrostatics that act upon it.
Basic requirements of a good hullform.
Definitions of hull measurements and features.
The linesplan and table of offsets.
Calculations for waterplane areas and submerged volume.
The basic principles of buoyancy and floatation.
Definitions of TPC and FWA.
An introduction to the principle of moments with regard to the force of Weight, acting through the ship's Centre of Gravity, and Buoyancy acting through the immersed hull's Centre of Buoyancy.
Definitions of a ship's motion in a seaway and the basic features of seawaves.


2) Locating the Centre of Buoyancy for different angles of heel.
Introduction to changes of a hull's underwater shape with changing angle of heel.
The shift in the Centre of Buoyancy off the centreline towards the low side of the ship and how this can produce a Righting Moment, providing that the C of B is outboard of the Centre of Gravity.
The Righting Lever GZ defined.
The Metacentre 'M' defined as the point at which the C of B rotates about during a small change in heel angle.
The upright GM value is introduced as a measure of stability.
The effects of hull beam and draft on the upright BM value and the changes in both the Metacentre's position and BM value with increasing angles of heel.
The Wall-sided equation is explained and the Trapezium rules are used to show how the Centre Buoyancy can he located at different angles of heel by applying the principles of moments to areas and volumes derived from the tables of offsets.
KN Curves are defined as the means of expressing the shift of 'B'.


3) Transverse stability characteristics and the GZ Curve.
Stable, neutral and unstable conditions are defined in terms of the Centre of Buoyancy 'B', the Centre of Gravity 'G'and the Metacentre 'M'.
The GZ curve is used to illustrate how a vessel's transverse stability changes with increasing angles of heel
The effects of a hull's beam, freeboard, draft, fineness of lines and sheer upon the GZ curve are discussed.
The six basic criteria of seaworthiness, which must be met by a ship's GZ curve, are defined with an alternative set of criteria for High Forecastle vessels.


4) Operational transverse stability.
The inclining experiment is explained as the means bv which the Lightship KG value is measured.
The loaded KG calculation is described by applying the Principle of Moments the known loaded weight distribution.
The Free Surface Effect of partly filled tanks and its importance in stability calculation is explained.
The process of drawing an actual GZ curve from the supplied KN curves and the calculated fluid KG value is described.
Use of simplified data diagrams.
Calculating the heeling moment and the list when 'G' is not on the centreline.
Calculation the increase in draft due to a list.
The effective centre of gravity of suspended loads and the stability calculations involved i loading a heavy lift.
Heeling effect due to a ship turning under the action of the rudder.
The unstable upright condition and the Roll angle are defined and the procedures for regaining stability are outlined.
A study into an incident of lost stability in the case of a ship loaded with timber.

5) Stability requirements for ships operating under special circumstances.
Passenger vessels
Ship's carrying deck timber cargo.
Ships solid bulk cargo including grain.
Ships operating heavy lifts at sea.
Windage allowance for ships carrying high deck stows of containers and ships operating in high latitudes where ice build up is a danger


6) Longitudinal stability and practical trim calculations.
Longitudinal Centre of Buoyancy (LCB) and Longitudinal Metacentre. Longitudinal righting moments.
The trim axis and centre of floatation (LCF), location (LCF) for a given draft, shift in the LCB due to change of draft, estimating the longitudinal BM value for a vessel, the moment required to change trim by lcm (MCTC).
Taking moments of weights about the aft perpendicular (AP) to predict a ship's fore and aft drafts.
Average and mean drafts defined.
The change of trim due a fore and aft shift of weight.
The change of trim when moving from salt to fresh water
Trim and stability calculations during drydocking.
Beaching and stranding.


7) A ship's motion in a seawav and anti-roll measures.
The Simple harmonic nature of a ship's natural roll period.
Determining a ship's radius of gyration.
Estimating the natural roll period in terms of ship's beam and GM values.
Synchronized rolling.
The effect of bilge keels.
The action of flume tanks.
Managing a ship in heavy weather to minimize rolling.
Torsional and wracking stresses induced by rolling.
Active anti-rolling devices, gyroscopic controlled stabilisers.
The pitching characteristics of a ship.
The natural pitching period of a ship.
The pitching characteristics of a ship in a seaway.
The problems of exceptional head seas.
Pitch induced or parametric rolling.


8) Shear forces, bending moments and longitudinal strength.
The elastic properties of shipbuilding materials.
Shear,forces and bending moments defined.
Longitudinal bending in a ship's hull, hogging and sagging.
Bending moment calculations for a box shaped hull in various loaded conditions.
The weight distribution of a ship.
The still water buoyancy distribution of a ship shaped hull.
Changes of buoyancy distribution in a seawav.
Bonjean curves and Muckle's method for buoyancy distribution calculations.
Bending stresses defined.
Moments of inertia for different girder sections.
Stress calculations for a ship's midships section.
Stress distribution within a ship's structure.
Composite hulls
Cracking
Some brief notes on ship building methods


9) The consequences of flooding through bilging.
The term 'bilging' and its effect upon a ship's draft, trim and stability explained.
The lost buoyancy approach to bilging calculations is compared to the 'added weight' method.
Stability and trim calculations by the lost buoyancy method explained by examples of bilging different compartments in a box-shaped hull.
Permeabilitiy of partially loadd spaces defined.
Predicting the of bilging different compartements in a real ship.
The consequences of bilging a real ship and the need for cross flooding examined.
Comparison made between the sinking of the 'Titanic' and 'Andrea Doria'.


10)The 'SOLAS' subdivision and damage stability requirements for passenger ships and cargo vessels and the 'MARPOL' tanker subdivision regulations.
These rules are explained and examined with regard to their effects upon a ship's damage stability

11)The International Load Line regulations for merchant ships.
An outline to the background and aims of the load line regulations.
Terms used in the regulations defined.
Loadline markings described.
Conditions of freeboard assignment explained.
Tabulated and corrected freeboard explained.
Seasonal and regional load lines explained.
Compliance with the regulations explained.


# Title : The Management of Merchant Ship : Stability, Trim and Strength
# Author : Clark, I C
The Nautical Institute, 2002

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LK1335 EKONOMI TEKNIK

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan konsep ekonomi desain kapal, yang meliputi investasi beserta segala trade-offnya, menjelaskan konsep ekonomi operasional kapal, yang meliputi beaya operasi dan segala ikutannya, membuat rancang bangun kapal yang berbasis rasional (dengan menggunakan kriteria tekno-ekonomi, menganalisa tingkat ekonomis desain yang ada dan implikasi teknis-ekonomisnya

Materi pokok:
Elemen Ekonomi Manajerial, konsep dan metodologi ekonomi manajerial, teori dan analisis pasar: permintaan dan penawaran, estimasi permintaan, teori produksi, teori biaya dan penetapan harga, analisis resiko bisnis, Elemen Ekonomi Teknik, konsep ekonomi teknik dan life-cycle Cost, teori hubungan nilai uang – waktu, aplikasi ekotek dalam teknik perkapalan, pemilihan desain yang paling ekonomis, perbandingan alternatif desain dan operasi, studi kelayakan pembangunan kapal, studi cost – benefit suatu proyek, Elemen Aplikasi Desain dan Operasi Kapal, desain tongkang, desain sistem/metode produksi kapal
desain operasional kapal

Prasyarat:
Tidak ada

Referensi:

  • Degarmo, E.P., et al., “Engineering Economy”, 10th edition, Prentice-Hall Int’l Inc., New York, 1997 atau yang terbaru
  • Samuelson, W.F., and Mark, S.G., “Managerial Economics”, 3rd edition, Dryden Press, 1999
  • Schneekluth, “Ship Design for Efficiency and Economy”, 2nd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 1998...mrene ae
  • Evan, J.J. and Marlow, P., “Quantitative Methods in Maritime Economics”, 2nd edition, Fairplay Publications, London, 1990
yirfan recommended reading :
  • [MU/yimx5] Buku-Buku Ekonomi dan Bisnis -part1- mrene ae

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[MU/yimx5] Buku-Buku Ekonomi dan Bisnis -part1-

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30 October 2008

[4S/yim250] RESISTANCE OF CONVENTIONAL SHIP FORMS WITH LARGE BULBOUS BOWS (Series 60-CB = 0.60, Series 60-CB= 0.70) : Final Report

In developing an efficient hull form, the naval architect automatically provides for beneficial interference between the bow, stern, and shoulders transverse wave systems. The addition of a bulbous bow, which generateslarge divergent and small transverse wave components, is aimed at cancelling the divergent component of the bow wave system.
Techniques for optimizing bulb designs are somewhat different for the two following cases:
(a) a bulb fitted to an existing hull, and
(b) a hull designed with an integral bulb.
This part of the report deals with case
(a), and the necessary techniques of fitting a bulb to an existing hull are explained.
In this case, a series of five bulbs for Series 60, CB = 0.60, hull form were designed and tested. The most serious problem is that the location and amplitude of the divergent wave system of the bulbless hull are unknown. These, however, may be fairly accurately estimated.
For this experimental research project on a large bow bulb fitted to a conventional ship hull, the Series 60, CB = 0.60, LBp/ /3 = 6.165,was chosen as being a typical hull form.
Five different bulbs were designed and tested when fitted to the Series 60, CB = 0.60 hull form.

CONTENTS
PART I
Introduction-Model and Bulb Designs-Test Procedure and Results-Conclusions-Tables-Figures
PART II
Introduction-Model and Bulb Designs-Test Procedure and Results-Conclusions-Tables-Figures
REEFERENCES

Title: Resistance of conventional ship forms with large bulbous bows : 1. series 60, CB=0.60 : 2. series 60, CB-0.70 : final report
Authors: Takahei, Tetsuo.
Issue Date: 1964
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN College of Engineering Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering

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29 October 2008

[4S/yim242] Marine Auxiliary Machinery 7th Ed.

The seventh edition of this classic marine textbook is now available for the first time in paperback. This highly respected book instructs both students and sea-going engineers in the operation, care and maintenance of the auxiliary machinery and apparatus on board ship and is essential reading for marine engineers preparing for British Certificates of Competency examinations, US Licenses and similar qualifications elsewhere. Designed for ease of use, the detailed treatment and practical orientation of the subject matter is presented in a very accessible manner. The inclusion of suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter is of particular use to students and all those interested in any related titles. Alongside this, there is also sufficient theoretical background to enable the reader to fully understand the principles involved. These various features allow the book to also serve as a useful reference work for engineers in the shipbuilding and equipment manufacturing industries, as well as all sea-going engineers.

Contents
Preface; Main propulsion services and heat exchangers; Machinery service systems and equipment; Ship service systems; Valves and pipelines; Pumps and pumping; Tanker and gas carrier cargo pumps and systems; Auxiliary power; The propeller shaft; Steering gears; Bow thrusters, stabilizers and stabilizing systems; Refrigeration; Heating, ventilation and air conditioning; Deck machinery and cargo equipment; Fire protection; Safety and safety equipment; Control and instrumentation; Index

#H D MC. GEORGE
#Paperback, 528 pages,
#publication date: OCT-1998

#ISBN-13: 978-0-7506-4398-6
#ISBN-10: 0-7506-4398-6
#Imprint: BUTTERWORTH HEINEMANN

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[4S/yim241] Pounder's Marine Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines (8th ed.).

Developments in two-stroke and four-stroke designs for propulsion and auxiliary power drives in the five years since the publication of the seventh edition of Pounder’s Marine Diesel Engines call for an update.
Rationalization in the engine design/building industry has also been sustained, with the larger groups continuing to absorb (and in some cases phase out) long-established smaller marques.
This eighth edition reflects the generic and specific advances made by marine engine designers and specialists in support technologies—notably turbocharging, fuel treatment, emissions reduction and automation systems—which are driven by: ship designer demands for more compactness and lower weight; shipowner demands for higher reliability, serviceability and overall operational economy; and shipbuilder demands for lower costs and easier installation procedures.

Contents
Preface vii
Introduction ix
1 Theory and general principles
2 Gas-diesel and dual-fuel engines
3 Exhaust emissions and control
4 Fuels and lubes: chemistry and treatment
5 Performance
6 Engine and plant selection
7 Pressure charging
8 Fuel injection
9 Low speed engines—introduction
10 MAN B&W low speed engines
11 Mitsubishi low speed engines
12 Sulzer low speed engines
13 Burmeister & Wain low speed engines
14 Doxford low speed engines
15 MAN low speed engines
16 Medium speed engines—introduction
17 Allen (Rolls–Royce)
18 Alpha Diesel (MAN B&W)
19 Caterpillar
20 Deutz
21 MaK (Caterpillar Motoren)
22 MAN B&W Diesel
23 Rolls-Royce Bergen
24 Ruston (MAN B&W)
25 SEMT-Pielstick (MAN B&W)
26 Sulzer (Wärtsilä)
27 Wärtsilä
28 Other medium speed engines ABC, Daihatsu, GMT, Hyundai, Mirrlees Blackstone, Mitsui, Niigata, Nohab, SKL, Stork-Werkspoor Diesel, Wichmann, EMD, Bolnes, Yanmar
29 Low speed four-stroke trunk piston engines
30 High speed engines Caterpillar, Cummins, Deutz, GMT, Isotta Fraschini, Man B&W Holeby, Mitsubishi, MTU, Niigata, Paxman, SEMT-Pielstick, Wärtsilä, Zvezda, Scania, Volvo Penta
31 Gas turbines

Index

# WOODYARD, Douglas F. (2004):
# Pounder's Marine Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines (8th ed.).
# Oxford, UK: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann. An imprint of Elsevier.
# ISBN: 0-7506-5846-0. 941p

---
http://www.4shared.com/file/48094678/213a5589/Marine_Diesel_Engines.html
http://www.4shared.com/file/49487990/a80d78f4/Pounders_Marine_Diesel_Engines.html
http://www.4shared.com/file/64932375/94119063/Marine_Diesel_Engines.html
http://rapidshare.com/files/13194936/Pounder_s_Marine_Diesel_Engines_KINGDWARF.zip
http://www.filefactory.com/file/d3822d/n/0750658460_zip
http://rapidshare.de/files/21139937/WOODYARD__D._F.__2004_._Pounder_s_Marine_Diesel_Engines_and_Gas_Turbines__8th_ed._.rar
http://rapidshare.de/files/18381645/Pounder_s_Marine_Diesel_Engines_KINGDWARF.zip.html
http://www.4shared.com/file/68572395/4f70b122/Pounders_Marine_Diesel_Engines.html
http://gigapedia.org/redirect.id:a9e91e1e4ac81f5320f1130158124bd6.url
http://gigapedia.org/redirect.id:e28a67b61517d6d9bf1a0b3ec708fece.url
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[4S/yim209] handout Konsep Manajemen Pemasaran

hand out Manajemen Pemasaran
Sebuah pendahuluan untuk memahami konsep manajemen pemasaran, variable yang mempengaruhi dan perencanaan strategis proses pemasaran. Ditulis oleh dosen sebuah universitas untuk konsumsi mahasiswa. Sayangnya, tidak ada referensi bacaan lanjut.

Daftar Isi
BAB I KONSEP DASAR MANAJEMEN PEMASARAN
BAB II MEMBANGUN KEPUASAN DAN NILAI PELANGGAN
BAB III PERENCANAAN STRATEGIK DAN PROSES PEMASARAN
BAB IV LINGKUNGAN PEMASARAN
BAB V PERILAKU KONSUMEN PADA PASAR KONSUMSI & PASAR BISNIS
BAB VI SEGMENTASI PASAR DAN MENENTUKAN PASAR SASARAN
BAB VII MERANCANG PRODUK
BAB VIII PENETAPAN HARGA PRODUK
BAB IX PENDISTRIBUSIAN PRODUK

---
http://www.4shared.com/file/68555327/a59d621c/yim209_Konsep_MANAJEMEN_PEMASARAN.html
---
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SMS dari Presiden R.I

Today, I’ve received SMS from someone who called itself as PRESIDEN RI. Here is the message :

“Narkoba menghancurkan masa depan generasi muda. Berhenti menggunakan narkoba sekarang juga. Jangan biarkan masa depan kalian gelap dan tanpa harapan.”

Are you received too…?
As part of a communication strategy, this could be a breakthrough…
Thanks, Mr. Presiden for remind us all, if it is true from you.

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[PE/yim211] An Assessment of Maritime Trade and Technology (1983)

This assessment of Maritime Trade and Technology traces prevailing conditions and dominant trends that are important to the way the Federal Government assumes its responsibility
for developing and implementing policy. The report contains analyses of the world
outlook for trade, shipping, and shipbuilding. It identifies the extent of U. S. participation
in these enterprises. It analyses the U.S. shipping and shipbuilding industries and identifies
certain weak and strong attributes. It discusses trends in technology as well as in the
policies of the United States and of our major trading partners.
OTA received valuable assistance in the preparation of this assessment from its advisory panel, which represented a cross section of U, S. maritime industry, labor, and user interests. The panel provided critiques and advice throughout the assessment and particularly during a detailed review of this final report. Other contributors to the assessment were contractors and individual consultants who provided valuable analyses of specific topics that were integrated into the overall report. OTA sincerely appreciates the quality of work and dedication of all contributors.
OTA has found that, although there are both healthy and troubled segments of the
U.S. maritime industries, all sectors are becoming increasingly dependent on Federal policy decisions. And, with increasing competition in world trade as well as shipping services to carry that trade, intervention by all governments is more and more prevalent.

Table of Contents

Chapters
1: Summary
2: World Trade and Shipping
3: The U.S. Shipping Industry
4: The U.S. Shipbuilding Industry: Status and Trends in Technology and Productivity
5: Status and Trends in Ship Design and Operating Technology
6: U.S. Maritime Policies
7: International Trade and Cargo Policies

Appendixes
A: Administration Announcements on Maritime Policy, 1982-83
B: Maritime Cargo Policies of 64 Foreign Countries 1982-83
C: Federal Departments With Maritime Responsibilities Related to Commercial Shipping and Shipbuilding Industries
D: Glossary of Acronyms and Terms
Index

#An Assessment of Maritime Technology and Trade
#(Washington, D.C.: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, OTA-O-220, October 1983).
#NTIS order #PB85-239887
#Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 83-600606

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28 October 2008

LK1329 MOTOR PENGGERAK KAPAL

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan karakteristik berbagai motor penggerak utama dan gabungannya, serta kelebihan dan kekurangannya, memilih sistem penggerak kapal yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan kapal, menjelaskan sistim pendukung untuk mesin penggerak utama, menjelaskan tugas dan karakteristik bagian sistem listrik di kapal (genset, sistem pengaman dan kontrol, motor, starter dan lain-lain) dan perlengkapannya (distribution board, gauges and meters dan lain-lain), menjelaskan persyaratan SOLAS 1974 untuk kamar mesin, sistem penggerak utama dan bantu dan sistem listrik di kapal

Materi pokok:
Berbagai siklus termodinamika sebagai dasar teoretis motor Diesel, turbin uap, turbin gas tanpa dan dengan turbocharger, diagram daya-putaran untuk berbagai mean effective pressure dari motor Diesel, turbin uap, turbin gas tanpa dan dengan turbocharger, kelebihan dan kekurangan masing-masing jenis, engine-propeller matching, macam-macam sistem pendukung motor: cara mengasut (start), sistem udara masuk, sistem pendinginan termasuk kondensor, sistem gas buang untuk motor dan turbin, berbagai jenis generator dan motor listrik, diagram daya-putaran untuk berbagai arus eksitasi dari generator dan motor listrik, kelebihan dan kekurangan masing-masing jenis, macam-macam cara mengasut (start) motor listrik, macam-macam isolasi dan perlindungan untuk peralatan listrik sesuai peraturan biro klasifikasi, macam-macam cara penggabungan berbagai jenis motor penggerak, persyaratan SOLAS 1974 untuk kamar mesin, sistem penggerak utama dan bantu dan sistem listrik di kapal

Prasyarat:
UF 1201 Fisika Dasar I

Referensi:

  • Harrington RL (Ed), ”Marine Engineering”, SNAME, 1971
  • Milton JH, ”Marine Steam Boiler”, Butterworths, 1980.
  • Pounder CC, ”Marine Diesel Engines”, 5th edition, Butterworth, 1972....here
yirfan recommended reading :

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LK1330 TUGAS MERANCANG I

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu merancang berbagai jenis kapal (kapal general cargo, kapal container, kapal tanker, kapal bulk carrier, kapal grain carrier, kapal log carrier, kapal tunda, kapal keruk, supply vessel, kapal ikan, kapal ferry, kapal penumpang) dengan panjang maksimum 150 m

Materi pokok:
permintaan owner/operator, meliputi : jenis muatan/kapal, kapasitas angkut (barang, container/kendaraan/penumpang) atau bollard pull (untuk kapal tunda) atau ton/hari atau m3/hari (untuk kapal keruk), gross tonnage (optional), kecepatan dinas dan percobaan, sarat maksimum (jika ada), radius pelayaran, klasifikasi yang dipakai, kapal pembanding dan persyaratan lain yang sesuai, yang dirancang dan dihitung adalah : main dimensions, lines plan, hydrostatic and stability, resistance and propulsion, pemilihan motor induk dan perkiraan panjang kamar mesin, pemilihan mesin-mesin geladak, general arrangement, pemeriksaan meliputi, perkiraan berat dan titik berat, pemeriksaan volume dan/atau banyaknya container/kendaraan penumpang, sarat dan trim, subdivision and damaged stability serta intact stability menurut SOLAS 1974, persyaratan MARPOL 73/78, lambung timbul menurut International Load Line Convention 1960, tonase kapal menurut International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships 1966, luas berbagai ruangan (akomodasi dll) menurut Maritime Labour Conventions and Recommendations 1994 no. 92, 133, 140 dan 141 dan lainnya dari ILO

Prasyarat:
LK 1325 Perancangan Kapal
LK 1328 Tugas Rencana Garis

Referensi:

  • Watson,D.G.M.,Practical Ship Design, Elsevier, 1998....mrene
  • Taggart,R.,Ship Design and Construction , SNAME, 1980....mrene
  • Lewis.E.V.,Principles of Naval Architecture, Vol I,II,III, SNAME, 1998....mrene(vol-I), mrene (vol-2), mrene (vol-3)
  • International Maritime Organization (1997), ”SOLAS”, Consolidated Edition, 1997, London...mrene
  • Harrington,R.L.,Marine Engineering, SNAME, 1992..
  • Rawson,K.J, and Tupper E.L., Basic Ship Theory, Longman, 1993...mrene
yirfan recommended reading :
  • Handout Rencana Garis dari Gaguk Suhardjito ...mrene
  • Clark, I C,The Management of Merchant Ship Stability, Trim and Strength, The Nautical Institute, 2002

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LK1331 TEKNIK LAS

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu merencanakan proses pengelasan untuk semua posisi dan detail sambungan las yang secara teknis tepat untuk bahan logam di kapal memperhitungkan beayanya

Materi pokok:
definisi dan pengertian sambungan las serta contoh aplikasinya pada proses pembuatan kapal, profesi yang berhubungan dengan pengelasan: welding inspector, welding engineer, welder supervisor, welder, ahli radiografi, ahli ultrasonic, instruktur pelatihan, klasifikasi teknik pengelasan dan pemotongan logam dan macam-macam proses pengelasan busur listrik, proses metalurgi perubahan struktur mikro dan pengaruhnya pada kekuatan mekanis, klasifikasi dan sifat mampu las material mild steel, high tension steel, baja tempa, baja tuang, besi tuang, aluminium alloy, copper alloy, cast copper alloy untuk baling-baling, serta prosedur pengelasannya, klasifikasi dan karakteristik berbagai macam elektroda untuk pengelasan material tersebut di atas, karakteristik bermacam-macam mesin las: arus, tegangan, CC, CV, duty cycle dll., perencanaan spesifikasi prosedur pengelasan (WPS) dan proses kualifikasinya (PQR), peraturan material dan pengelasan lambung kapal menurut biro klasifikasi, keselamatan pekerjaan pengelasan, estimasi beaya pengelasan (beaya tenaga kerja, material pengisi, beaya perakitan), kekuatan mekanis dambungan las
macam-macam alur sambungan las dan perancangan sambungan las

Prasyarat:
LK 1310 Ilmu Bahan

Referensi:

  • Althouse, Andrew R, et. Al.,”Modern Welding”, The Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., Illinois, 1988.
  • AWS, ANSI/AWS A3.0-94, ”Standart Welding Terms and Definitions”, American Welding Society, Miamy,1994.
  • Jeffus, Larry, ”Welding – Principles and Applications”, Delmar Publishers Inc., Albany, 3rd edition.
  • Jenney, Cynthia L., and Annette O’Brien,”Welding Handbook, Volume 1 – Welding Science and Technology”, American Welding Society, Miami, 9th Edition, 2001.
  • O’Brien, R.L.,”Welding Handbook, Volume 2 – Welding Processes”, American Welding Society, Miami, 8th Edition, 1991.
  • Oates, William R.,”Welding Handbook, Volume 3 – Materials & Application Part 1”, American Welding Society, Miami, 8th Edition, 1996.
  • Oates, William R. and Alexander M. Saitta, ”Welding Handbook, Volume 3 – Materials & Application Part 2”, American Welding Society, Miami, 8th Edition, 1998.
  • Wiryosumarto, Harsono, dan Toshie Okumura, ”Teknologi Pengelasan Logam”, Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta, Cetakan Kedelapan, 2000.
yirfan recommended reading :

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LK1332 PRAKTIKUM TEKNIK LAS

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu melaksanakan pekerjaan pengelasan dasar.

Materi pokok:
Stride, Bead Las , Ayunan , Pengelasan 1 F, 2 F, 3 F , Lap joint , Butt joint.

Prasyarat:
Sudah atau sedang mengambil LK 1331 Teknik Las

Referensi:

  • Althouse, Andrew R, et. Al.,”Modern Welding”, The Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., Illinois, 1988.
  • AWS, ANSI/AWS A3.0-94, ”Standart Welding Terms and Definitions”, American Welding Society, Miamy,1994.
  • Jeffus, Larry, ”Welding – Principles and Applications”, Delmar Publishers Inc., Albany, 3rd edition.
  • Jenney, Cynthia L., and Annette O’Brien,”Welding Handbook, Volume 1 – Welding Science and Technology”, American Welding Society, Miami, 9th Edition, 2001.
  • O’Brien, R.L.,”Welding Handbook, Volume 2 – Welding Processes”, American Welding Society, Miami, 8th Edition, 1991.
  • Oates, William R.,”Welding Handbook, Volume 3 – Materials & Application Part 1”, American Welding Society, Miami, 8th Edition, 1996.
  • Oates, William R. and Alexander M. Saitta, ”Welding Handbook, Volume 3 – Materials & Application Part 2”, American Welding Society, Miami, 8th Edition, 1998.
  • Wiryosumarto, Harsono, dan Toshie Okumura, ”Teknologi Pengelasan Logam”, Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta, Cetakan Kedelapan, 2000.

yirfan recommended reading :

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LK1333 KEKUATAN KAPAL

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu menghitung distribusi memanjang massa kapal kosong (light mass) dan letak titik pusat massa memanjang maupun meninggi, menjelaskan kondisi-kondisi yang perlu dihitung menurut biro klasifikasi dan SOLAS 1974, menilai apakah tegangan normal dan geser yang terjadi dalam konstruksi kapal pada suatu kondisi pembebanan memenuhi persyaratan biro klasifikasi atau tidak

Materi pokok:
perhitungan distribusi memanjang massa kapal kosong berdasarkan lines plan dan steel plan, kondisi-kondisi yang perlu dihitung menurut biro klasifikasi dan SOLAS 1974, perhitungan distribusi memanjang dari beban, gaya lintang, momen lengkung vertikal, sudut kemiringan dan lendutan dan koreksi-koreksinya, perhitungan tegangan normal akibat momen lengkung dan tegangan geser akibat gaya lintang dan membandingkannya dengan tegangan ijin menurut biro klasifikasi

Prasyarat:
LK 1323 Mekanika Teknik II

Referensi:

  • Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia, ”Peraturan Klasifikasi dan Konstruksi Baja”, Jakarta, 1978.
  • Evans, J.H., ”Ship Structural Design Concepts”, Cornell Maritime Press, 1975.
  • Hughes, O.F., ”Rational Methods in Ship Design”, John Willey & Sons, New York, 1983.
  • N. Barabanov, ”Structural Design of Sea Going Ship”, Peace Publishers, Moscow.
  • Taggart, R. ”Ship Design and Construction”, SNAME, 1980.
  • Timoshenko, S.P, Cs, ”Theory of Plates and Shells”, 2nd ed., McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1959.
  • Timoshenko, S.P, Cs, ”Mechanics of Materials”, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1961.

yirfan recommended reading :

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LK1336 TUGAS MERANCANG II

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu merancang konstruksi badan kapal termasuk konstruksi bagian haluan dan buritan dan stern tube dan semua bangunan atas dan rumah geladak sesuai dengan peraturan SOLAS 1974, biro klasifikasi dan peraturan lain yang berlaku, menghitung distribusi memanjang massa kapal kosong dan letak titik pusat massa meninggi dan memanjang

Materi pokok:
menghitung menurut salah satu biro klasifikasi dan menggambar, midship section, steel plan, konstruksi ceruk haluan dan bak rantai, konstruksi ceruk buritan dan stern tube, konstruksi lain menurut jenis kapalnya, bukaan kulit, dan memenuhi persyaratan SOLAS 1974 dan Maritime Labour Conventions and Recommendations 1994

Prasyarat:
LK 1327 Konstruksi Kapal II
LK 1330 Tugas Merancang I
LK 1333 Kekuatan Kapal

Referensi:

  • Watson,D.G.M.,Practical Ship Design, Elseyier, 1998
  • Taggart,R.,Ship Design and construction , SNAME, 1980
  • Lewis.E.V.,Principles of Naval Architecture, Vol I,II,III, SNAME, 1998
  • International Maritime Organization (1997), ”SOLAS”, Consolidated Edition, 1997, London.
  • Harrington,R.L.,Marine Engineering, SNAME, 1992
  • Rawson,K.J, and Tupper E.L., Basic Ship Theory, Longman, 1993
yirfan recommended reading :

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LK1337 PEMELIHARAAAN DAN REPARASI KAPAL

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan macam-macam kerusakan yang terjadi pada kapal dan menganalisa sebab-sebab terjadinya kerusakan dan cara-cara perbaikannya, pemeliharaan terencana kapal, sistem dan prosedur pemeliharaan dan perbaikan kapal, dasar-dasar perhitungan biaya pemeliharaan dan repasarasi kapal.

Materi pokok:
Jenis-jenis kerusakan umum pada kapal, macam-macam dan cara-cara mengetahui jenis-jenis kerusakan pada konstruksi badan kapal, proses pengedokan kapal, pembersihan pelat badan kapal, cara-cara pemeliharaan dan reparasi jenis-jenis kerusakan konstruksi badan kapal, pengetesan kekedapan beserta contoh-contohnya, reparasi pada daerah kamar mesin dan sisi buritan, jenis-jenis kerusakan dan reparasi kemudi, poros kemudi, dan bantalan poros, jenis-jenis kerusakan dan reparasi baling-baling dan poros baling-baling, reparasi tabung buritan (stern tube) dan sistem-sistem kekedapan, sistem pemeliharaan terencana kapal, sistem dan prosedur reparasi kapal, dasar-dasar perhitungan biaya reparasi kapal

Prasyarat:
LK 1327 Konstruksi Kapal II

Referensi:

  • Benkowsky, D., “Technology of Ship Repairing,” MIR Publishers, Moscow.
  • Broto Sasongko, “Reparasi Kapal,” Diktat Kuliah FT Kelautan ITS, 1979.
yirfan recommended reading :

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LK1339 DINAMIKA KAPAL

Tujuan:
Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan dan melakukan perhitungan perkiraan gerakan kapal di gelombang regular dan irregular dengan metode linear uncoupled, mempertimbangkan gerakan kapal dalam proses perancangan kapal, menilai unjuk kerja olah gerak kapal di air tenang

Materi pokok:
gerakan sistem pegas massa, gelombang regular dan gelombang irregular: wave statistics gerakan kapal dengan satu dan dua derajat bebas di gelombang regular dan gelombang irregular, efek gerakan kapal, stabilisasi gerakan, pelayaran percobaan, unjuk kerja olah gerak (control and steering) di air tenang

Prasyarat:
LK 1326 Hambatan dan Propulsi I

Referensi:

  • Bhattacharya, R., ”Dynamics of Marine Vehicles”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1978
  • Lewis, EV., ”The Motion of Ship in Waves and Controllability in Principles of Naval Architecture Vol. II”, SNAME, New York, 1988.
  • Lloyd, ARJM, ”Seakeeping: ship Behaviour in Rough Weather’, Ellis Horwood Limited, 1989

yirfan recommended reading :

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